Centos6.x+nginx-1.10.2编译安装配置_阿汤博客
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Centos6.x+nginx-1.10.2编译安装配置

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1、解决依赖关系

编译安装nginx需要事先需要安装开发包组"Development Tools"和 "Development Libraries"。同时,还需要专门安装pcre-devel包:

# yum -y install pcre-devel

2、安装

首先添加用户nginx,实现以之运行nginx服务进程:

# groupadd -r nginx

# useradd -r -g nginx nginx

接着开始编译和安装:

# wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.10.2.tar.gz 

#tar zxf nginx-1.10.2.tar.gz 

# cd nginx-1.10.2

# ./configure   –prefix=/usr   –sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx   –conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf   –error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log   –http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log   –pid-path=/var/run/nginx/nginx.pid    –lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock   –user=nginx   –group=nginx   –with-http_ssl_module   –with-http_flv_module   –with-http_stub_status_module   –with-http_gzip_static_module   –http-client-body-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/client/   –http-proxy-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/proxy/   –http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/fcgi/   –http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/uwsgi   –http-scgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/scgi   –with-pcre

# make && make install

说明:如果想使用nginx的perl模块,可以通过为configure脚本添加–with-http_perl_module选项来实现,但目前此模块仍处于实验性使用阶段,可能会在运行中出现意外,因此,其实现方式这里不再介绍。如果想使用基于nginx的cgi功能,也可以基于FCGI来实现,具体实现方法请参照网上的文档。

3、为nginx提供SysV init脚本:

新建文件/etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx,内容如下:

#!/bin/sh

#

# nginx – this script starts and stops the nginx daemon

#

# chkconfig:   – 85 15 

# description:  Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \

#               proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server

# processname: nginx

# config:      /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

# config:      /etc/sysconfig/nginx

# pidfile:     /var/run/nginx.pid

 

# Source function library.

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

 

# Source networking configuration.

. /etc/sysconfig/network

 

# Check that networking is up.

[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0


nginx="/usr/sbin/nginx"

prog=$(basename $nginx)

 

NGINX_CONF_FILE="/etc/nginx/nginx.conf"

 

[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx

 

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx

 

make_dirs() {

   # make required directories

   user=`nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:" | sed 's/[^*]*–user=\([^ ]*\).*/\1/g' -`

   options=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:'`

   for opt in $options; do

       if [ `echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path'` ]; then

           value=`echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2`

           if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then

               # echo "creating" $value

               mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value

           fi

       fi

   done

}

 

start() {

    [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5

    [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6

    make_dirs

    echo -n $"Starting $prog: "

    daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE

    retval=$?

    echo

    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile

    return $retval

}

 

stop() {

    echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "

    killproc $prog -QUIT

    retval=$?

    echo

    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile

    return $retval

}

 

restart() {

    configtest || return $?

    stop

    sleep 1

    start

}

 

reload() {

    configtest || return $?

    echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "

    killproc $nginx -HUP

    RETVAL=$?

    echo

}

 

force_reload() {

    restart

}

 

configtest() {

  $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE

}

 

rh_status() {

    status $prog

}

 

rh_status_q() {

    rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1

}

 

case "$1" in

    start)

        rh_status_q && exit 0

        $1

        ;;

    stop)

        rh_status_q || exit 0

        $1

        ;;

    restart|configtest)

        $1

        ;;

    reload)

        rh_status_q || exit 7

        $1

        ;;

    force-reload)

        force_reload

        ;;

    status)

        rh_status

        ;;

    condrestart|try-restart)

        rh_status_q || exit 0

            ;;

    *)

        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"

        exit 2

esac

而后为此脚本赋予执行权限:

# chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx

添加至服务管理列表,并让其开机自动启动:

# chkconfig –add nginx

# chkconfig nginx on

而后就可以启动服务并测试了:

# service nginx start

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